I am currently at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pinnacle Health in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Prior to that I was Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Director of Cardiac Surgery Critical Care at Virtua Health System in southern New Jersey. I have been active in robotic cardiac surgery since 2006 with a commitment to non-sternotomy approaches to both coronary and valvular heart disease. My current research focuses on pain management and patient blood management in cardiac surgery and specifically, minimally invasive cardiac surgery. I have a particular interest in team development and innovation through team growth in minimally invasive cardiac surgery.